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2020학년(2019년) EBS 수능특강 영어 03강 변형문제 SET 01 (50문제) (tutorcho) - 문항번호 Gateway & Q 01~04
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Three-year-olds don't have to deal with the same rules and realities adults do. Because of that, children tend to be more imaginative and creative with their ideas. They see possibilities where the rest of us see rules, boundaries, or impossibilities. That’s why they’re famous for writing on walls — you see a perfectly painted living room that shouldn't be touched: they see a blank canvas. Even if it’s just for 30 minutes, seeing life from the angle of a semi-careless child can give you a new perspective on how you spend your time and deal with household problems or work challenges. For that reason alone, it’s valuable to imagine yourself acting as you would if you were just a child: free-spirited, boundless, uncontrollably creative, and unafraid to try new things.
Most linguists and local community members agree that education and literacy in the local language are necessary to maintain vitality, or to revitalize a language threatened with endangerment. Some local communities reject this notion, wanting to preserve their oral traditions and to rely solely on them. There is, however, a cost to this decision, as it limits the domains in which the language can be used. Regardless, most regard literacy as essential for local languages. Yet more than half of all languages have no written form, and so a writing system needs to be developed for them in order to use them in education and literacy programs. Basic pedagogical and reference materials are needed, including textbooks, dictionaries and usable descriptive grammars. Such materials are readily available for languages of wider communication, but not for the majority of local languages. In addition, reading material is needed for literacy as well.
There is a misconception that older people belong to a special tribe, all with the same problems, opinions and attitudes. Yet older people are just as different from each other as are members of younger generational groups. How can it be otherwise in view of the wide range of different experiences everyone has as their life progresses from childhood to old age? There are differences formed by family backgrounds, education, careers and relationships. All these help shape a person’s character and outlook on life. This does not confer superior virtues on the elderly. They may have wisdom, good humour and tolerance, but are just as likely to be cantankerous, boring and narrow-minded. Like everyone else, the old are a mixed bunch, but each is an individual with their own particular interests and personality.
While we usually think negatively of deviance, it actually can prove functional in a society. Any hostility toward deviants promotes behavioral conformity with social expectations. It strengthens group identity by separating the nonconforming from the well-behaved members centering on an agreement on the norms. We may be familiar with the phrase “the exception makes the rule.” Deviance shows us the boundary, or line, that must not be crossed, highlighting not only the importance of the norm but its relative permissible zone for behavior. For example, if there is a rule that “food is not permitted in the classroom:’ a person with the candy bar or bag of chips might not be admonished by the teacher; yet a person arriving to class with a fast-food meal experiences rebuke and ejection. Others in the class now know where the line is drawn and can adjust their patterns of behavior accordingly.