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2020학년(2019년) EBS 수능특강 영어 05강 변형문제 SET 01 50문제 (tutorcho) - 문항번호 Gateway & Q 01~04
A defining element of catastrophes is the magnitude of their harmful consequences. To help societies prevent or reduce damage from catastrophes, a huge amount of effort and technological sophistication are often employed to assess and communicate the size and scope of potential or actual losses. This effort assumes that people can understand the resulting numbers and act on them appropriately. However, recent behavioral research casts doubt on this fundamental assumption. Many people do not understand large numbers. Indeed, large numbers have been found to lack meaning and to be underestimated in decisions unless they convey affect (feeling). This creates a paradox that rational models of decision making fail to represent. On the one hand, we respond strongly to aid a single individual in need. On the other hand, we often fail to prevent mass tragedies or take appropriate measures to reduce potential losses from natural disasters.
One of the next major waves of medical advancement will be in the development of genomic sequencing, which will help doctors sequence human DNA to discover the precise cause of an illness, and develop a specific treatment for it. Experts believe this process will be easy to commercialize relatively quickly, as sequencing gets cheaper. Using advances in genomic research, scientists are developing blood tests that can detect cancer, while also beginning to apply academic research to real-world scenarios. As researchers get better at identifying the specific genes that are mutating and causing cancer, drug companies will need to produce medications that address these problems more quickly. In the next decade, scientists expect to have more specialized "precision medicines" to treat cancer.
Though we cannot choose most of the challenges we face in life, we can choose how we're going to face them. Are we going to have a bad experience, crumble under the pressure, run away, or avoid challenges altogether? Or are we going to find the strength and inner resources to rise to the challenges and fully actualize our potential? That's the term psychologists use for becoming the person you are meant to be ― actualize your potential. Facing your teenage years in the right way will give you this opportunity. When you face the challenges before you right now, learn from them and grow with them, you become that person. The challenges in your life require you to call on the inner resources residing deep inside you. By doing that, you come to know yourself and to develop your innate capacities. That is what we mean by actualizing your potential, and being challenged presents you with the opportunities to do it.
Social media facilitates price comparison on the part of consumers, thus making them more aware of online (and in-store) discounts and subsequently encouraging consumer price sensitivity. What makes the social media space even more effective is the fact that not only do marketers have a new medium through which to share pricing and promotion information, but quite often it is one's own friends, family or other connections who are passing along price and promotion information from brands. When deals are activated by a consumer, he/she is given the opportunity to share their deal experience with specific individuals via email or more broadly via social media platforms. Given the influence of word-of-mouth information, this is even more impactful as a source.
In certain malls, there is a fair amount of sunlight that comes in from a central skylight or a few strategically placed skylights. Most mall developers refuse to use the true outside world in any significant way, one fearing that this may encourage the shopper to want to leave the mall and go elsewhere ― to another world. The notion of shopping as theater or "retail drama" kicks in at this point. "The idea," according to Laura Byrne Paquet, "is to replicate the artificial feeling of a theater or a Hollywood sound stage, where shoppers can be the stars of their own show." This concept is carried forth in a phenomenal way; if the shoppers and others are "part of the cast" there is the archway as a stage, and the ability to try on "costumes," touch "props" and in general, engage in the dramatic ritual of shopping.