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2020학년(2019년) EBS 수능특강 영어 05강 변형문제 SET 02 40문제 (tutorcho) - 문항번호 Q 05~08
In the Great Bear Rainforest, the bears drag salmon into the forest, where insects and fungi turn the salmon into food for the trees, which then provide homes to birds in their branches and to wolves in dens under their roots. When a tree falls over in a big windstorm, berry bushes grow on the fallen tree and insects decompose the wood. Bears eat the berries and also insects such as ants and termites that live in the fallen log. Sometimes wolves eat bears, but mostly they eat salmon and the deer that live among the big trees. People also eat salmon and deer, and use the bark and wood of the cedar trees. Changes to one part of this ecosystem, even a small part, have consequences for everything else. Our future cannot be separated from the future of the insects of the soil and the frogs and salmon of the rainforest.
Aristotle said, "We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act but a habit." Developing conscious habits is a tool to achieve an integrated life. Developing good or productive habits and eliminating bad or destructive habits involves looking at what you need to implement in your life, as well as what you need to eliminate. Stephen Covey says, "Our character basically is a composite of our habits." Take a look at your habits and ask yourself what is moving you closer to your goals and what is moving you away from them. Understand that it takes 21 days to begin a new habit (that's 21 consecutive days, so yes, every time you do something new...or choose not to...it does make a difference), so this relatively painful process of change isn't indefinite, it just takes a few weeks — and on the 22nd day, it will actually be harder for you to not do your new habit than it will be to continue doing it.
Globalization drives the culture of fast fashion. Currently, there is also a lightly different drive to promote the idea of transitioning to slow fashion. However, this gradual shift requires time, measured not in months or years but in decades or generations. Recycling and remanufacturing which do not equate with models in nature always lead to a question mark. Therefore, a different approach to address the challenges facing sustainable fashion is absolutely necessary. We suggest the shift should be directed towards nature. We must try and discover the mechanisms that drive nature's incessant creation of organisms without piling up mountains of waste. Researchers have already begun the study of biodegradation, mineralization and biomass formation, which is nature's way of creating zero waste. Discovery of the laws of zero waste in nature could then be mimicked in the production of fast-compostable textile fibres.
Praise that arouses delight and pride in a baby and toddler can have very different effects on older children, particularly in the classroom. When Roy Baumeister studied the effects of praise, he found that it generated more anxiety than pleasure in school-aged children. Children accustomed to the background hum of praise seemed to become dependent on praise to initiate any activity. A child who was accustomed to classroom praise spent less time focusing on a project and soon stopped working to wait for a teacher's assessment. Praise seemed to hinder concentration, too. Children's absorption in a task (often called flow) seemed to be disrupted by the reminder that someone was watching. When they were singing or playing an instrument, swimming or hitting a ball, or doing anything that involved deep skills run on autopilot, their performance was particularly badly affected by praise.