2020학년(2019년) EBS 수능특강 영어 08강 변형문제 40문제 SET 02 (tutorcho)
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2020학년(2019년) EBS 수능특강 영어 08강 변형문제 SET 02 (40문제) - 문항번호 05~08 (tutorcho)

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2020학년(2019년) EBS 수능특강 영어 08강 변형문제 SET 02 40문제 (tutorcho) - 문항번호 Q 05~08 


Even after people learned the scientific method, many still pursued and believed in really weird things, and many old ideas died hard deaths. It's hard to believe, but even simple things such as washing your hands to prevent infection were not fully accepted by the medical community until relatively recently on the human timeline. Even after it was discovered and documented that washing hands drastically reduced deadly fevers, the idea took a while to catch on. It was just too revolutionary, too weird. The idea of germs and microscopic organisms challenged a variety of other ideas, including that the source of disease was probably linked to things that stank, which was sort of true when you thought about it. In a world that had already invented the telephone and the lightbulb, hand-washing to prevent sickness met enough resistance that doctors argued about it for decades.


The 1980s, a time of true global interdependence, was a lost decade for many economically disadvantaged countries. Despite consistent reductions in mortality rates and other disease burdens, a marked deterioration in living conditions occurred in many countries. In several regions, most notably Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa, advances in health care and education eroded. Unemployment rates rose in many parts of the world, as did the global poverty rate. By 1989, one out of five people was living in "absolute poverty," which the World Bank defines as suffering from malnutrition to the point of being unable to work. By the end of the 1980s, low-income countries had accumulated a debt of $1.3 trillion. Crippled by massive debt burdens, many countries saw their growth rates slow and living standards decrease.


Companies that inspire, companies that command trust and loyalty over the long term, are the ones that make us feel we're accomplishing something bigger than just saving a dollar. That feeling of alliance with something bigger is the reason we keep wearing the jersey of our hometown sports team even though they have not made it to the playoffs for ten years. It's why some of us will always buy products from a certain brand over other brands, even if the brand isn't always the most affordable choice. Whether we like to admit it or not, we are not entirely rational beings. If we were, no one would ever fall in love and no one would ever start a business. Faced with an overwhelming chance of failure, no rational person would ever take either of those risks. But we do. Every day. Because how we feel about something or someone is more powerful than what we think about it or them.


Ironically, some of the most powerful techniques for boosting your memory are also the oldest. Under the umbrella term 'Mnemonics' (it has a silent 'M'), these involve tapping into the fact that our brains have evolved to deal very well with both visual images and spatial locations. By turning facts into mental images, and imagining them along a route of locations, you can harness these natural memory powers to remember almost anything you like. The more improbable and emotionally charged the images the better, as our brains evolved to pay special attention to those features. Another part of your imagination that can boost your memory is your musical sense. Rhythm and rhyme are potent memory boosters. This explains why you might find it hard to remember the periodic table of elements, yet your memory banks are overflowing with old ad jingles!

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