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2020학년(2019년) EBS 수능특강 영어독해연습 2강 변형문제 60문항입니다. 문항번호 07~12
An entrepreneur can come up with her “big idea” - and in social enterprise, it can be big across the profit or the social-good dimension, or both – and pour her savings and personal credit into it. But this bootstrapping has obvious limits. Depending on the entrepreneur’s personal network, friends and family may provide additional investment to help her get up and running, produce early proof of concept, or operate a single location. Other than for the independently wealthy and exceedingly well connected, though, a successful business will reach a point where it requires outside investment. When this moment arrives will depend on the industry in which a business operates as well as the entrepreneur’s own balance sheet. Whether an entrepreneur needs to find investors to support prototype development, geographic expansion, increasing market share, or some other strategy, seeking scale requires access to capital.
There is no single philosophical method that all philosophers share. In fact, philosophers have long disagreed so deeply about the best or proper way to do philosophy that sometimes they even claim that their own particular philosophical method produces the only real philosophy; the rest is either worthless or belongs to some other discipline. Contemporary philosophers of many kinds (traditional, postmodern, feminist, and others) debate what kind of philosophy is worth doing at all. Similarly, neither do all feminists in general nor feminist philosophers in particular agree on a single method. Although consciousness raising is extremely valuable for feminists (even sometimes considered to be the core of feminist method), it is rarely used alone in feminist scholarship. Instead, it is combined with numerous disciplinary approaches. In addition, feminist philosophers have various methodological preferences within philosophical traditions.
Given the dominance of economics in public life, it is no surprise that so many university students, if given the chance, opt to study a little as a part of their education. Every year, around five million college students in the United States alone graduate with at least one economics course under their belts. A standard introductory course that originated in the United States – and is widely known as Econ 101 – is now taught throughout the world, with students from China to Chile learning from translations of the very same textbooks used in Chicago and Cambridge, Massachusetts. For all of these students, Econ 101 has become a staple part of a broad education, whether they then head off to become an entrepreneur or doctor, journalist or political activist. Even for those who never study economics, the language and mindset of Econ 101 so pervades public debate that it shapes the way that we all think about the economy: what it is, how it works, and what it is for.
Speaking of marrying creativity and business, I’ve discovered that a rock star and a brain surgeon have something in common. It’s not that either one would be particularly good at the other’s craft (and I’m not sure which crossover would produce the more disastrous results), but rather that each one is capable of performing his craft brilliantly, and generating huge sums of money, without the need for any financial skills. In most businesses, before you can start earning big money, you have to be pretty well schooled in how the business works. For example, if you open up a shoe store, you have to work up a budget, negotiate a lease, bargain for the price of the shoe, and so forth – all before you smell that first foot. But in entertainment, as in surgery, you can soar to the top without any business expertise.
Academic work is by its nature never done; while flexibility of hours is one of the privileges of our work, it can easily translate into working all the time or feeling that one should. Mary Morris Heiberger and Julia Miller Vick note this paradox: “Despite their heavy workloads, academics have more freedom to structure their own time than practically anyone else in the economy. For some people, this is the great advantage of the career path; for others, it is a source of stress.” Furthermore, given the time and money required to get a PhD and its uncertain economic returns, it is clear that most of us pursue an academic career for idealistic, rather than pragmatic, reasons. And while believing in what one does is a key aspect of job satisfaction, idealism also can lead to overwork. The irony is that the more committed we are to our vocation, the more likely it is that we will experience time stress and burnout.
All the branches of science such as life sciences, botany, zoology, physiology, physics, chemistry, agriculture and geology, etc. are correlated and interrelated with each other. For example, if we are studying a geology lesson on the rocks and minerals of the Earth, then we must be studying the chemical composition, structure and properties of these rocks and minerals. Similarly, in the study of agriculture, the knowledge of rocks and chemicals is involved. The study of rocks and soil helps in choosing different types of soils for different crops. The knowledge of chemistry helps us in determining different types of manures. Therefore, it is always worthwhile to deal with different branches of science in a unified manner for the benefit of students. It is necessary to bring out correlation of one branch of science with another branch to make science education more meaningful and effective.